Country Profile

35
ODIN SCORE
China
155th GLOBAL RANK
OUT OF 187
44 COVERAGE SCORE
OUT OF 100
27 OPENNESS SCORE
OUT OF 100

Summary of Results

The Open Data Inventory (ODIN) measures how complete a country’s statistical offerings are and whether their data meet international standards of openness. China ranks 155th in the Open Data Inventory 2020 with an overall score of 35. The overall score is a combination of a data coverage subscore of 44 and a data openness subscore of 27.

The following tables show the coverage and openness scores for each data category. For more detailed information, view the Coverage and Openness tabs.

Rankings

Coverage Openness Overall
Global
OUT OF 187
113th 172nd 155th
Eastern Asia
OUT OF 7
7th 7th 7th

Category Scores

Data Category Coverage Openness    Overall   
Population & vital statistics 30 20 25
Education facilities 50 30 40
Education outcomes 30 40 35
Health facilities 70 40 55
Health outcomes 30 30 30
Reproductive health 30 40 35
Food security & nutrition 0 0 0
Gender statistics 0 0 0
Crime & justice 0 0 0
Poverty & income 0 0 0
Social Statistics subscore 24 20 22
National accounts 50 40 44
Labor 30 40 35
Price indexes 50 40 44
Government finance 100 30 61
Money & banking 67 40 50
International trade 50 30 38
Balance of payments 100 30 56
Economic Statistics subscore 62 36 47
Agriculture & Land Use 40 30 35
Resource use 100 30 61
Energy 100 40 63
Pollution 50 30 39
Built environment 0 0 0
Environment subscore 52 26 38
All Categories 44 27 35
Last updated: December 2, 2020

Coverage

The Open Data Inventory (ODIN) assesses coverage based on five coverage elements described below. Each category receives a coverage score based on the amount of data available in that category. Average scores across all categories are shown in the chart below.

In general, coverage scores are based on the availability of indicators and disaggregations published, how many observations are available over the last 10 years, and if national and subnational data exist.

Indicators Not Published

Indicators are considered not published when no qualifying and disaggregated data are found. Not all indicators are required for full credit in every category.

40%
Number of Categories That Score 0

Categories that score 0 do not publish the minimum amount of data to receive a score. For most categories, the minimum amount of data is one indicator. There are 22 categories.

5
Indicators Lacking Sex Disaggregation

Sex- disaggregated data are important to reflect the realities of men and women in various policy areas and narrow gender inequalities.

95%

Coverage Element Scores, 2020

Click to see a description of each coverage element. Scoring criteria for each can be found in the Methodology Guide on the page that corresponds to the coverage element. Element scores are given for each category. The chart above shows average scores across all categories.

Indicators and Disaggregation
This coverage element measures how many indicators and disaggregations are published within a category. In each category, all other coverage elements cannot score higher than this element so that coverage scores are not inflated by only a few datasets.
Data Available the Last 5 Years
This coverage element measures how many of the last 5 years of data are available for indicators within each category.
Data Available the Last 10 Years
This coverage element measures how many of the last 10 years of data are available for indicators within each category.
First Administrative Level
This coverage element measures whether data are available at the first administrative level within each category. First administrative levels are defined by the ISO 3166-2 standard and adjusted for country practices. Not all categories or indicators are required to be published data at this level. (See exemptions here.)
Second Administrative Level
This coverage element measures whether data are available at the second administrative level within each category. Second administrative levels are not defined and any further division of first administrative levels are accepted. Not all categories or indicators are required to be published at this level. (See exemptions here.)

Openness

The Open Data Inventory (ODIN) assesses openness based on five coverage elements described below. Each category receives a coverage score based on the amount of data available in that category. Average scores across all categories are shown in the chart below.

In general, openness scores are based on the format and licensing of the datasets, the comprehensiveness of metadata, and what download options exist.

Data License/Terms of Use

The licensing or terms of use that govern the use and reuse of data assessed in ODIN are classified as Open, Some Restrictions, Not Open or Not Available (if no license is found). Below is licensing information for data from the national statistics office on their website and most prominent data portal, if applicable.

NSO Website

National Bureau of Statistics

Not Open

Openness Element Scores, 2020

Click to see description of each openness element. Scoring critieria for each can be found in the Methodology Guide on the page that corresponds to the openness element. Element scores are given for each category. The chart above shows average scores across all categories.

Machine Readability
This openness element measures whether data are made available in machine readable formats. Machine readable file formats allow users to easily process data using a computer. Common machine readable formats include XLS, XLSX, CSV, and JSON files.
Nonproprietary Format
This openness element measures whether data are made available in nonproprietary formats. Nonproprietary file formats are important because they allow users to access data without requiring the use of a costly, proprietary software that may prevent some users from accessing the data. Common nonproprietary formats include PDF, HTML, XLSX, DOCX, CSV, and JSON files.
Metadata Availability
This openness element measures whether metadata are available for the published indicators. Metadata must be located in or near the data file or on a designated metadata section of the website. ODIN looks for three aspects of metadata: (1) definition of indicator; (2) date of upload; and (3) Source agency.
Download Options
This openness element measures whether download options are available. ODIN looks for three download options: (1) bulk download (at the indicator level), (2) API, and (3) user-select download (custom downloads). Options 2 and 3 are interchangeable for scoring purposes.
Terms of Use or Data License
This openness element measures whether data are made available under an open license. Open licenses must allow the use, reuse, and sharing or adaption of data for commercial and noncommercial use without any obligation other than attribution, per the Open Definition. Licenses prohibiting commercial use or having two or more additional stipulations are classified as “Not Open”. Licenses with no more than one additional stipulation are classified as “Some Restrictions.” Licenses that do not explicitly state all allowed uses under the Open Definition and do not include restrictive language are also classified as “Some Restrictions.”

ODIN Indicators

The Open Data Inventory (ODIN) 2020 assesses data for 65 representative indicators in 22 data categories. The ODIN indicators are not meant to be a comprehensive list of all indicators produced by a country, but rather an indicative sample of the fundamental types of data produced by countries.

The table below shows a list of all ODIN indicators, whether qualifying data were found, and information about the coverage and openness criteria for each dataset. To qualify, a dataset must be published on the NSO website or an official government website linked from the NSO website. It must show national level data, have one of the required categorical disaggregations (if applicable), and present data from the last 10 years.

Not all indicators are required for full credit. More information about this can be found in our Methodology Guide.

ODIN 2020 Indicator List
(1.1) Population data Data available (1 of 2 datasets)
Population & vital statistics

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Population & vital statistics Disaggregation - Sex, 5-Year Age Groups
Years - 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Population > Population Data from Sample Survey > Male Population by Age (Sample Survey)
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database >Statistical Database > Annual > Population > Population Data from Sample Survey > Female Population by Age (Sample Survey)
(1.1) Population data Data available (2 of 2 datasets)
Population & vital statistics

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Population & vital statistics Disaggregation - Marital Status
Years - 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level
Metadata - None ()
Format - PDF (np)
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Population > Population Data from Sample Survey > Population by Marital Status
(1.2) Birth rate Data Not Available
Population & vital statistics
(1.3) Death rate Data Not Available
Population & vital statistics
(2.1) Number of schools or classrooms Data available (1 of 2 datasets)
Education facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education facilities Disaggregation - School Stage, School Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database (left panel) > Annual > Education > Number of Schools by Level and Type of School
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database (left panel)> Regional > Annual by Province > Education > Number of Schools and Students in Undergraduate or _Specialized Courses in Institutions of Higher _Education/Basic Statistics on Regular Senior Secondary Schools/Basic Statistics on Regular Junior Secondary Schools/Basic Statistics on Regular Primary Schools/Basic Statistics on Special Education
(2.1) Number of schools or classrooms Data available (2 of 2 datasets)
Education facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education facilities Disaggregation - School Stage, School Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np)
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database (left panel)> Annual > Education > Basic Statistics on Private Schools by Level and Type of School > Number of Private Schools by Level and Type of School
(2.2) Number of teaching staff Data available (1 of 2 datasets)
Education facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education facilities Disaggregation - School Stage, School Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016,
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database (left panel)> Annual > Education > Basic Statistics on Schools, Teachers and Staff and _Full-time Teachers by Level and Type >Number of Teachers and Staff of Schools
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database (left panel)> Regional > Annual by Province > Education > Situations on Teachers and Staff in Regular Schools _(Institutions) of Higher Education/Basic Statistics on Regular Senior Secondary Schools/Basic Statistics on Regular Junior Secondary Schools/Basic Statistics on Regular Primary Schools/Basic Statistics on Special Education
(2.2) Number of teaching staff Data available (2 of 2 datasets)
Education facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education facilities Disaggregation - School Stage, School Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np)
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database (left panel)> Annual > Education > Basic Statistics on Private Schools by Level and Type of School > Number of Teachers and Staff of Private Schools by Level and Type of School
(2.3) Education expenditures Data available
Education facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education facilities Disaggregation - School Stage
Years - 2010, 2011,
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database (left panel)> Annual > Education > Education Funds > Budgetary Government Appropriation for Education
(3.1) Enrollment rate Data available (1 of 2 datasets)
Education outcomes

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education outcomes Disaggregation - School Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Education > Number of Students Enrollment by Level and Type of _School
(3.1) Enrollment rate Data available (2 of 2 datasets)
Education outcomes

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education outcomes Disaggregation - School Stage, School Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np)
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Education > Basic Statistics on Private Schools by Level and Type of School > Number of Total Enrollment of Students of Private Schools by Level and Type of School
(3.2) Completion or graduation rate Data available
Education outcomes

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Education outcomes Disaggregation - School Stage
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Education > Net Enrollment Ratio of Primary Schools and Promotion _Rate of Various Schools
(3.3) Competency exam results Data Not Available
Education outcomes
(4.1) Number of health facilities Data available
Health facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Health facilities Disaggregation - Facility Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Public Health > Health Care Institutions
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Public Health > Health Care Institutions
(4.2) Number of beds or data on health care staff Data available
Health facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Health facilities Disaggregation - Facility Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - None (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Public Health > Beds in Health Care Institutions
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Public Health > Health Care Institutions
(4.3) Health expenditures Data available
Health facilities

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Health facilities Disaggregation - Expenditure Categories
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np)
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China public health > total health expenditure
(5.1) Immunization rate Data Not Available
Health outcomes
(5.2) Diseases prevalence Data available
Health outcomes

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Health outcomes Disaggregation - Disease Type
Years - 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Number of Persons with Infectious Diseases Reported and Number of Deaths of _Class A and B > Number of Persons with Infectious Diseases Reported of _Class A and B
(6.1) Maternal mortality rate Data available
Reproductive health

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Reproductive health Disaggregation - None
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Public Health > Mortality Rate of the Maternal and Children Aged under _5 in Surveillance Areas
(6.2) Infant mortality rate or neonatal mortality rate Data Not Available
Reproductive health
(6.3) Under-5 mortality rate Data Not Available
Reproductive health
(6.4) Fertility rate Data available
Reproductive health

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Reproductive health Disaggregation - None
Years - 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015,
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Population > Population Data from Sample Survey > Fertility Rate by Age (Sample Survey)
(6.5) Contraceptive prevalence rate Data Not Available
Reproductive health
(6.6) Adolescent birth rate Data available
Reproductive health

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Reproductive health Disaggregation - None
Years - 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015,
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Population > Population Data from Sample Survey > Fertility Rate by Age (Sample Survey) > Fertility Rate, Childbearing Women Aged 15-19
(7.1) Prevalence of undernourishment Data Not Available
Food security & nutrition
(7.2) Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity Data Not Available
Food security & nutrition
(7.3) Prevalence of obesity Data Not Available
Food security & nutrition
(7.4) Prevalence of stunting Data Not Available
Food security & nutrition
(7.5) Prevalence of wasting Data Not Available
Food security & nutrition
(8.1) Proportion of women who are victims of physical, sexual, or psychological violence Data Not Available
Gender statistics
(8.2) Proportion of women in government, management or senior positions Data Not Available
Gender statistics
(8.3) Data on child marriages Data Not Available
Gender statistics
(9.1) Homicide rate Data Not Available
Crime & justice
(9.2) Crime rate Data available
Crime & justice

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Crime & justice Disaggregation - Crime Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016,
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
Number of Criminal Cases Registered in Public Security _Organs and Its Composition, HTML http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database > Annual > Public Management, Social Security and Others > Number of Criminal Cases Registered in Public Security _Organs and Its Composition
(9.3) Data on prison population Data Not Available
Crime & justice
(10.1) Poverty rate Data Not Available
Poverty & income
(10.2) Distribution of income by deciles or Gini coefficient Data Not Available
Poverty & income
(11.1) Gross domestic product (production approach) Data available
National accounts

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
National accounts Disaggregation - Industry
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Source, Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download,
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
China Statistical Yearbook, 2019 http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Publications > 2019 > Chapter 3 National Accounts > Table 3-3 Gross Domestic Product at Constant Prices
(11.2) Gross domestic product (expenditure approach) Data available
National accounts

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
National accounts Disaggregation - Expenditure Categories
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > National Accounts > Gross Domestic Product by Expenditure Approach
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > National Accounts > Gross Regional Product by Expenditure Approach
(11.3) Gross domestic product (income approach) Data Not Available
National accounts
(12.1) Employment rate Data Not Available
Labor
(12.2) Employment distribution Data available
Labor

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Labor Disaggregation - Industry
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Employment and Wages > Number of Employed Persons by Three Strata of Industry
(12.3) Unemployment rate Data Not Available
Labor
(13.1) Consumer price index Data available
Price indexes

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Price indexes Disaggregation - None
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China Shttp://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Price Index > Price Indices
NBS of China Shttp://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Price Index > Consumer Price Indices by Category
(13.2) Producers price index Data available
Price indexes

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Price indexes Disaggregation - None
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Price Index > Price Indices
(14.1) Actual revenues Data available
Government finance

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Government finance Disaggregation - Revenue Source
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Finance > Main Items of National Government Revenue of the _Central and Local Governments > Main Items of National Government Revenue
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Finance > Local Governments Revenue
(14.2) Actual expenditures Data available
Government finance

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Government finance Disaggregation - Functional Classification
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Finance > Main Items of National Government Expenditure of the _Central and Local Governments > Main Items of National Government Expenditure
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Finance > Local Governments Expenditure
(15.1) Money supply Data available
Money & banking

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Money & banking Disaggregation - Money Aggregates
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Financial Intermediation > Money Supply
(15.2) Interest rates Data available
Money & banking

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Money & banking Disaggregation - Rate Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015,
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Source, Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
China Statistical Yearbook 2019 Publications > China Statistical Yearbook > 2019 > Financial Intermediation, Table 18.5: Official Interest Rates of Deposits of Financial Institutions; Table 18.6: Official Interest Rates of Loans of Financial Institutions
(16.1) Merchandise exports Data available
International trade

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
International trade Disaggregation - Product Categories
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation > Exports Value by Category of Commodities(SITC)
(16.2) Merchandise imports Data available
International trade

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
International trade Disaggregation - Product Categories
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation > Imports Value by Category of Commodities(SITC)


(18.1) Data on land use or land cover Data available
Agriculture & Land Use

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Agriculture & Land Use Disaggregation - Crop Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Agriculture > Sown Areas of Major Farm Crops
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Agriculture > Sown Areas of Major Farm Crops
(18.2) Data on protected lands Data available
Agriculture & Land Use

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Agriculture & Land Use Disaggregation - None
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Resources and Environment > Basic Situation of Natural Protection
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Resources and Environment > Basic Situation of Natural Protection
(18.3) Commondity production Data available
Agriculture & Land Use

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Agriculture & Land Use Disaggregation - Commodity Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np)
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Agriculture > Output of Major Farm Products
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Agriculture > Output of Major Farm Products
(19.1) Data on fishery harvests Data available
Resource use

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Resource use Disaggregation - None
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database >> Annual > Agriculture > Output of Aquatic Products
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > > Regional > Annual by Province > Agriculture > Output of Aquatic Products
(19.2) Data on timber harvests or deforestation Data available
Resource use

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Resource use Disaggregation - None
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > > Annual > Resources and Environment > Forest Resources
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > > Regional > Annual by Province > Resources and Environment > Forest Resources
(19.3) Data on mining or extractive activities Data available
Resource use

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Resource use Disaggregation - Activity Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Energy > Total Production of Energy
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Energy > Production of Major Energy Products
(19.4) Water consumption Data available
Resource use

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Resource use Disaggregation - Sector
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > Resources and Environment > Water Supply and Water Use
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Resources and Environment > Water Supply and Water Use
(20.1) Energy consumption Data available
Energy

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Energy Disaggregation - Energy Commodity, Sector
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Levels - National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database > Annual > Energy > Consumption of Coal and Its Main Varieties by Sector
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database > Annual > Energy > Consumption of Crude Oil and Its Main Varieties by Sector
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database > Annual > Energy > Consumption of Kerosene and Its Main Varieties by Sector
(20.2) Energy supply Data available
Energy

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Energy Disaggregation - Energy Commodity
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Levels - National Level
Metadata - None ()
Format - HTML (np)
Download Options - Bulk Download
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > Statistical Database > Annual > Energy > Total Production of Energy
(21.1) Greenhouse gas emissions Data available
Pollution

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Pollution Disaggregation - Gas Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Levels - Admin 1, National Level
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np)
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > > Annual > Resources and Environment > Main Pullutant Emission in Waste Gas
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > > Regional > Resources and Environment > Main Pullutant Emission in Waste Gas
(21.2) Emissions of air or water pollutants Data available
Pollution

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Pollution Disaggregation - Pollutant Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China Statistical Database > Annual > Resources and Environment > Main Pullutant Emission in Waste Water
NBS of China Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > Resources and Environment > Main Pullutant Emission in Waste Water
(22.1) Proportion of households with access to water Data Not Available
Built environment
(22.2) Proportion of households with access to sanitation Data Not Available
Built environment
(22.3) Number of rooms or bedrooms Data Not Available
Built environment
(22.4) Access to electricity Data Not Available
Built environment
(22.5) Data on housing construction materials Data available
Built environment

Dataset Coverage Dataset Openness
Built environment Disaggregation - Material Type
Years - 2010, 2011, 2012,
Levels - Admin 1, National Level,
Metadata - Incomplete (Definition)
Format - HTML (np);
Download Options - No download options
Terms of Use - Not Open
Terms of Use URL  URL
Source Navigation
NBS of China http://www.stats.gov.cn/english/ > (on left panel) Statistical Database > Annual > People's Living Conditions > Housing Conditions of Rural Households > Housing Conditions
NBS of China Statistical Database > Regional > Annual by Province > People's Living Conditions > Housing Conditions of Rural Households

Recommendations

Every country can improve their open data and ODIN scores can help identify gaps where improvements should be focused. The following recommendations may involve not only the national statistics office, but the entire national statistical system.

If you would like to schedule a meeting to learn more about how to implement these recommendations, Contact Us.

26 ODIN indicators were not published with any of the required disaggregation. ODIN indicators are only a representative sample of the types of data a country should publish and not all indicators below may be relevant to your country. Nonetheless, those that are should be published. Below is a table of the ODIN indicators where no disaggregated data could be found on the NSO website or any official national website that is linked from the NSO website. See the Methodology Guide for definitions of each indicator.

Missing ODIN Indicator Required Disaggregation
(1.2) Birth rate Sex, Marital Status
(1.3) Death rate Sex
(3.3) Competency exam results Sex, Age, School Stage
(5.1) Immunization rate Age, Sex
(6.2) Infant mortality rate or neonatal mortality rate Sex
(6.3) Under-5 mortality rate Sex
(6.5) Contraceptive prevalence rate None
(7.1) Prevalence of undernourishment None
(7.2) Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity None
(7.3) Prevalence of obesity Sex, Age
(7.4) Prevalence of stunting Sex, Age
(7.5) Prevalence of wasting Sex, Age
(8.1) Proportion of women who are victims of physical, sexual, or psychological violence Age, Disability Status, Relationship To Perpetrator
(8.2) Proportion of women in government, management or senior positions None
(8.3) Data on child marriages None
(9.1) Homicide rate Sex Of Victim, Age Of Victim, Sex Of Perpetrator, Age Of Perpetrator, Victim/Perpetrator Relationship
(9.3) Data on prison population Age, Sex, Sentencing Status
(10.1) Poverty rate None
(10.2) Distribution of income by deciles or Gini coefficient None
(11.3) Gross domestic product (income approach) Income Components
(12.1) Employment rate Sex, Age
(12.3) Unemployment rate Sex, Age
(22.1) Proportion of households with access to water Water Supply Type
(22.2) Proportion of households with access to sanitation Sanitation Facility Type
(22.3) Number of rooms or bedrooms None
(22.4) Access to electricity Access Type

42 ODIN indicators were available in datasets that were not made available for all years in a nonproprietary format. Nonproprietary formats allow users to access data without requiring the use of a costly, proprietary software that may prevent some users from accessing the data. By definition, proprietary formats restrict either the ability to use the information or the ability to share the information. The most common nonproprietary formats used by statistics offices are PDF, XLSX, and CSV. Below is a table of the ODIN indicators for which data in a nonproprietary format could not be found. File formats with a (r) indicate that the file is machine readable. File formats with a (np) indicate that the file is nonproprietary.

ODIN Indicator not published in proprietary formats Dataset URL File Format
(1.1) Population data NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(2.1) Number of schools or classrooms NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(2.1) Number of schools or classrooms NBS of China HTML (np)
(2.2) Number of teaching staff NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(2.2) Number of teaching staff NBS of China HTML (np)
(2.3) Education expenditures NBS of China HTML (np);
(3.1) Enrollment rate NBS of China HTML (np);
(3.1) Enrollment rate NBS of China HTML (np)
(3.2) Completion or graduation rate NBS of China HTML (np);
(4.1) Number of health facilities NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(4.2) Number of beds or data on health care staff NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(4.3) Health expenditures NBS of China HTML (np)
(5.2) Diseases prevalence NBS of China HTML (np);
(6.1) Maternal mortality rate NBS of China HTML (np);
(6.4) Fertility rate NBS of China HTML (np);
(6.6) Adolescent birth rate NBS of China HTML (np);
(9.2) Crime rate Number of Criminal Cases Registered in Public Security _Organs and Its Composition, HTML HTML (np);
(11.1) Gross domestic product (production approach) China Statistical Yearbook, 2019 HTML (np);
(11.2) Gross domestic product (expenditure approach) NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(12.2) Employment distribution NBS of China HTML (np);
(13.1) Consumer price index NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(13.2) Producers price index NBS of China HTML (np);
(14.1) Actual revenues NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(14.2) Actual expenditures NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(15.1) Money supply NBS of China HTML (np);
(15.2) Interest rates China Statistical Yearbook 2019 HTML (np);
(16.1) Merchandise exports NBS of China HTML (np);
(16.2) Merchandise imports NBS of China HTML (np);
(17.1) Current account NBS of China HTML (np);
(17.2) Capital and financial account NBS of China HTML (np);
(18.1) Data on land use or land cover NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(18.2) Data on protected lands NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(18.3) Commondity production NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np)
(19.1) Data on fishery harvests NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(19.2) Data on timber harvests or deforestation NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(19.3) Data on mining or extractive activities NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(19.4) Water consumption NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(20.1) Energy consumption NBS of China, NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(20.2) Energy supply NBS of China HTML (np)
(21.1) Greenhouse gas emissions NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np)
(21.2) Emissions of air or water pollutants NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);
(22.5) Data on housing construction materials NBS of China, NBS of China HTML (np);

43 ODIN indicators were available in datasets that were not made available for all years with complete metadata. Many metadata standards can be used to meet ODIN criteria for complete metadata. Metadata must include the following three components: 1) Source agency of data, 2) Definition of indicator, and 3) Date that data was uploaded online. Datasets should be published with ample metadata to “aid both discoverability and usability of the data,” according to the Open Data Handbook. Various metadata standards exist that are often used for statistical data, including Dublin Core, Data Catalogue Vocabulary (DCAT), and RDF Data Cube Vocabulary. Below is a table of the ODIN indicators for which data with incomplete metadata was found.

ODIN Indicator with Incomplete Metadata Dataset URL Metadata Components Not Found
(1.1) Population data NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(1.1) Population data NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(2.1) Number of schools or classrooms NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(2.1) Number of schools or classrooms NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(2.2) Number of teaching staff NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(2.2) Number of teaching staff NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(2.3) Education expenditures NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(3.1) Enrollment rate NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(3.1) Enrollment rate NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(3.2) Completion or graduation rate NBS of China Source, Date
(4.1) Number of health facilities NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(4.2) Number of beds or data on health care staff NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(4.3) Health expenditures NBS of China Source, Date
(5.2) Diseases prevalence NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(6.1) Maternal mortality rate NBS of China Source, Date
(6.4) Fertility rate NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(6.6) Adolescent birth rate NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(9.2) Crime rate Number of Criminal Cases Registered in Public Security _Organs and Its Composition, HTML Source, Date
(11.1) Gross domestic product (production approach) China Statistical Yearbook, 2019 Source, Date, Definition
(11.2) Gross domestic product (expenditure approach) NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(12.2) Employment distribution NBS of China Source, Date
(13.1) Consumer price index NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(13.2) Producers price index NBS of China Source, Date
(14.1) Actual revenues NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(14.2) Actual expenditures NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(15.1) Money supply NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(15.2) Interest rates China Statistical Yearbook 2019 Source, Date, Definition
(16.1) Merchandise exports NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(16.2) Merchandise imports NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(17.1) Current account NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(17.2) Capital and financial account NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(18.1) Data on land use or land cover NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(18.2) Data on protected lands NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(18.3) Commondity production NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(19.1) Data on fishery harvests NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(19.2) Data on timber harvests or deforestation NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(19.3) Data on mining or extractive activities NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(19.4) Water consumption NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(20.1) Energy consumption NBS of China, NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(20.2) Energy supply NBS of China Source, Date, Definition
(21.1) Greenhouse gas emissions NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(21.2) Emissions of air or water pollutants NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date
(22.5) Data on housing construction materials NBS of China, NBS of China Source, Date

Country Context

To understand a country’s commitment to open data, it is important to look at ODIN scores in context. The information below includes assessments of the country’s statistical capacity, links to relevant laws, and comparative measures of the country’s performance on other measures of data coverage, openness, and government transparency.

Statistical Capacity Indicators

The World Bank’s Statistical Capacity Indicator is a composite score assessing the capacity of a country’s statistical system. It is based on a diagnostic framework assessing the following areas: methodology; data sources; and periodicity and timeliness. For more information, click the scores below.

Overall Score
80%
Methodology Subscore
100%
Source Data Subscore
60%
Periodicity Subscore
80%

Legal Framework

Data Commitments

National Data Strategy

National data strategies or National Strategies for the Development of Statistics (NSDS) provide a country with a strategy for developing statistical capacity across the entire national statistical system (NSS). It presents the statistics office’s priorities for the next 5-10 years.

China does not have a national data strategy.

IMF Standards for Data Dissemination

Data dissemination standards enhance the availability of timely and comprehensive statistics, which contributes to sound macroeconomic policies and the efficient functioning of financial markets.

China is a SDDS Subscriber

Open Data Charter (ODC)

The ODC is a collaboration between over 100 governments and organisations working to open up data based on a shared set of seven principles.

China has not adopted the charter.

Open Government Partnership (OGP)

OGP is a multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from national and subnational governments to promote open government, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance.

China is not a participant.

Index Comparison

Click on the index name on the vertical axis to view the country data from the managing organization’s website.

All scores have been converted to a 100 point scale.